Are there ‘perpetually chemical substances’ in your retailer’s textiles?


The extremely persistent, poisonous chemical substances often called PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) have been within the information for contaminating ingesting water across the globe and threatening the well being of individuals and wildlife.

Now, our analysis has discovered these perpetually chemical substances are in out of doors gear and residential furnishings bought by main retailers. The brand new research examined textiles merchandise from 10 main retailers: Amazon; Mattress Bathtub & Past; Costco; Dick’s Sporting Items; Kohl’s; Macy’s; REI; Goal; TJX; and Walmart. 

We discovered PFAS in clothes we put on, tablecloths our youngsters eat from and comforters we sleep with — all merchandise the place hazardous chemical substances don’t have any place. Sadly, not less than one product from each retailer was discovered to comprise PFAS. Fortunately, options are available for retailers and their suppliers.

This use of PFAS in client merchandise poses rising reputational and regulatory dangers to retailers, as extra customers and states clamor for motion on these persistent poisonous chemical substances.

PFAS depart a poisonous path of air pollution from manufacturing to make use of to disposal

When PFAS are utilized in textiles, they’re launched into the atmosphere at each stage of the product life cycle from manufacturing to make use of to disposal, exposing customers, communities, employees and wildlife. These chemical substances are sometimes called “perpetually” chemical substances as a result of they aren’t identified to interrupt down within the atmosphere, are extremely persistent and cellular and might simply transfer by way of the soil to water, contaminating the ingesting water of tens of millions of Individuals.

On account of their widespread use and persistence, PFAS are additionally stepping into our our bodies. A 2021 peer-reviewed research discovered PFAS in one hundred pc of breast milk samples examined, and that newer PFAS, together with these present in textiles, construct up in folks.

A rising physique of scientific analysis has discovered hyperlinks between exposures to PFAS and a variety of well being issues together with a weaker immune system, most cancers and elevated levels of cholesterol.

Impartial laboratory testing of PFAS

To uncover the place PFAS could also be present in merchandise bought at retail, we investigated three sorts of generally used merchandise, bought from 10 main retailers. We examined for the presence of PFAS in three classes of textile merchandise: out of doors attire, bedding, and tablecloths and napkins. This builds on earlier studies we’ve printed investigating PFAS in meals packaging at main grocery, fast-food and fast-casual chains.

Poisonous chemical substances in out of doors gear, bedding, tablecloths and napkins

We discovered that PFAS are nonetheless in huge use in attire and residential furnishings, regardless of the supply of options:

  1. PFAS are generally used for stain and water resistance. The bulk (72 %) of things marketed as stain- or water resistant contained PFAS. However, no objects with out stain or water resistance advertising and marketing appeared to comprise PFAS.
  2. A number of kinds of client merchandise comprise PFAS. We detected PFAS in all kinds of merchandise that included rain jackets, climbing pants, shirts, mattress pads, comforters, tablecloths and napkins.
  3. No retailer’s product line was PFAS-free. At the very least one product from every of the ten retailers contained PFAS.
  4. Producers have been utilizing a combination of PFAS that features compounds banned in different international locations. Our testing discovered not simply the newer compounds believed to be probably the most generally used but additionally the older PFAS banned within the European Union and phased out by main U.S. producers. Most PFAS-containing objects (74 %) examined constructive for these older PFAS.
  5. Alternate options to PFAS for stain and water resistance are in use. We discovered objects in every class that had been marketed as stain- and/or water resistant but seemed to be freed from PFAS-based remedies.

Stress mounting on REI and different retailers to behave

The brand new report, which has obtained huge media protection together with tales in CNN and The Hill, comes amid a nationwide marketing campaign calling on REI and different retailers to ban PFAS in out of doors attire and different textiles. Since November, greater than 60,000 REI clients have signed petitions and despatched emails to the REI CEO and Board calling for motion on PFAS. In December, a gaggle of greater than 100 native, state and nationwide organizations despatched a letter to REI calling on the corporate to guide the out of doors attire business in a daring transition away from the whole class of PFAS.

Suggestions for retailers

We will’t proceed to simply accept the tradeoff of polluting our houses, our bodies, air, soil, water and breast milk with persistent, poisonous PFAS in order that firms can market merchandise as stain- and water resistant. With the large progress firms have made within the final a number of years in bringing PFAS-free objects to market, the time is now for textile producers and retailers to prepared the ground to PFAS-free merchandise made with safer options.

Retailers ought to do the next:

  • Set coverage. Undertake formidable public safer chemical substances insurance policies that get forward of the curve and guarantee all textile merchandise accessible on the market are freed from PFAS.
  • Undertake objectives and metrics. Set clear, formidable public objectives with timelines and quantifiable metrics to scale back and remove PFAS.
  • Prioritize transparency. Require suppliers to supply full disclosure of product elements to know the place PFAS could also be present in your provide chain.
  • Keep away from regrettable substitution. Assess any substitute chemical substances for hazard utilizing a way comparable to GreenScreen for Safer Chemical compounds or ChemFORWARD to make sure that any substitute chemical substances are the most secure doable, excluding at a minimal GreenScreen Benchmark 1 chemical substances.
  • Disclose progress. Publicly report on progress to the general public on not less than an annual foundation.
  • Keep forward of and assist authorities regulation. As insurance policies addressing poisonous chemical substances acquire traction in additional states and from the Biden administration, retailers should act. Retailers ought to assist state and federal coverage reform to advance ingredient transparency, remove PFAS and incentivize the event of green-chemistry options.

Eliminating PFAS in textiles and different merchandise will assist scale back retailers’ chemical footprint, safeguard model status, improve buyer loyalty, and mitigate regulatory and monetary dangers.

That’s a win-win each sustainability skilled can and will get behind.


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