Federal labor legal guidelines: What’s new in 2022?


The beginning of the brand new 12 months brings each new state legal guidelines and federal rules for employers to observe. Some federal legal guidelines are presently underneath evaluate, like vaccine mandates from the Occupational Security and Well being Administration (OSHA). As last choices round these pending legal guidelines change, we’ll replace this text to maintain you knowledgeable.

Nevertheless, the US Division of Labor issued a last rule that modifies wage and hour guidelines for tipped workers. Check out the modifications under. When you’ve got questions, Homebase HR Professional supplies stay entry to licensed HR consultants. 

Be aware: Whereas the federal minimal wage has not been elevated for 2022, many states are growing their charges. Take a look at our article on 2022 state minimal wage will increase

Moreover, many states are additionally altering their household and medical go away legal guidelines for the brand new 12 months. You possibly can study extra about what’s required in your state in our article on upcoming paid and unpaid go away modifications

Tip credit score rules 

The DOL introduced a last rule underneath the US Truthful Labor Requirements Act (FLSA) that regulates how employers can take tip credit if they’ve tipped workers. The rule units limits on how a lot time tipped workers can take part in “non-tipped” actions at work whereas the employer takes a tip credit score. 

Below the brand new rule, employers can solely take a tip credit score from an worker’s wages for the hours spent on tip producing work or work that instantly helps tip producing actions. Employers can take a tip credit score for for time spent on tip-producing work when: 

  • The worker spends lower than 20% of workweek hours on actions that help tip-producing work. This implies employers can’t take a tip credit score for any time spent on these exercise that exceeds 20% of the workweek. 
  • The worker spends lower than half-hour performing actions that helps tip-producing work. This implies employers can’t take a tip credit score for time spent on these actions that exceeds half-hour. 

Actions that help tip-producing work can embody issues like refilling ketchup bottles, setting tables, making ready meals, or cleansing. 

The ultimate rule goes into impact December 28, 2021

Tip pooling and managers

The DOL’s last rule additionally addresses tip pooling limits and the way managers can hold worker ideas. A 2018 legislation prohibited managers from protecting ideas “for any functions, together with permitting managers and supervisors to maintain any portion of workers’ ideas, no matter whether or not or not the employer takes a tip credit score.” 

Nevertheless, the brand new rule lays out a few circumstances the place it’s OK for managers to take ideas. The rule says that managers can hold ideas from clients for providers that they instantly and “solely” present. Because of this if a supervisor is the one one who helped the shopper, they’ll hold the tip. 

The rule additionally permits managers to contribute these tricks to a compulsory worker tip pooling or tip-sharing association. 

Tip-rule penalties

The identical DOL rule will increase the penalties for tipping violations. Below the brand new laws, the company could positive employers as much as $1,100 every time the employer is discovered to be retaining worker ideas, no matter whether or not the violation is willful or repeated. 

The definition of “willful” underneath the rule embody violations which can be dedicated with “reckless disregard” for the legal guidelines specified by the FLSA. An employer is in reckless disregard when they need to have checked the FLSA to see if their conduct was authorized, however didn’t accomplish that. 


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