Companies have many infrastructure internet hosting options to select from, from bodily servers hosted in owned information facilities, to colocated servers in managed information facilities, to many alternative cloud platforms. Nevertheless, in 2021, Amazon Internet Companies (AWS) is by far the largest infrastructure internet hosting platform on this planet.
Companies select AWS as a result of it provides a various array of cloud companies backed by the technical experience of one of the vital beneficial corporations on this planet. AWS lowers infrastructure administration prices whereas offering the reliability, scalability, and availability companies anticipate.
Different cloud suppliers provide roughly equal companies, together with Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform, however AWS had the first-mover benefit, and its progress has outpaced its competitors.
Cloud safety is another excuse companies undertake AWS. Within the early days of the cloud, enterprise leaders have been skeptical that virtualized infrastructure platforms may provide sufficient safety and privateness. At present, the times of the cloud safety naysayers are gone. No infrastructure platform is assured freed from vulnerabilities, however cloud platforms like AWS are trusted by companies, governments, and even nationwide safety companies.
This text appears at a few of the methods AWS enhances cloud safety and makes it simpler for companies to keep up safe and compliant infrastructure internet hosting. We’ll additionally discover cloud safety limitations and the way corporations can guarantee their cloud infrastructure complies with trade greatest practices and regulatory requirements.
What’s Cloud Safety?
Cloud safety is the assets, instruments, and practices that permit companies to retailer information and run code securely within the cloud. Cloud safety’s main concern is to restrict information and infrastructure entry to approved customers, whether or not that’s a enterprise’s prospects or inner customers of the cloud platform.
If a enterprise fails to safe its cloud infrastructure, it dangers exposing delicate information, having its assets hijacked by dangerous actors, and subjecting its customers to malware and different threats.
Cloud infrastructure faces many alternative safety threats, together with:
- Human error. Nearly all of cloud safety vulnerabilities are attributable to configuration errors and poor understanding of cloud safety greatest practices.
- Social engineering. Dangerous actors use social engineering methods similar to phishing assaults and government impersonation to realize entry to delicate cloud assets similar to authentication credentials.
- Endpoint safety vulnerabilities. These embrace software program vulnerabilities and poor safety practices across the gadgets end-users use to entry cloud assets.
- Software program vulnerabilities. Attackers goal code hosted on cloud platforms. In accordance with the Open Internet Utility Safety Venture (OWASP) High Ten, the commonest internet utility vulnerabilities embrace damaged entry controls, cryptographic failures, weak and outdated elements, and safety logging and monitoring failures.
Cloud platforms similar to AWS present instruments and companies to assist companies overcome these dangers. Nevertheless, cloud safety is barely efficient if companies perceive the dangers and how one can use the assets their platform gives to fight them.
Let’s discover 5 methods AWS helps its customers maximize cloud safety to guard their information and infrastructure belongings.
1. Amazon-Managed Information Facilities, Servers, and Networks
Constructing and sustaining safe IT infrastructure requires information and expertise many companies lack. Infrastructure safety is a specialised discipline, and and not using a deep understanding of the dangers, it’s all too straightforward to deploy infrastructure that’s weak to assault.
AWS gives a safe baseline for infrastructure deployment. Its staff embrace a few of the most skilled and educated cloud safety professionals within the trade. They work to implement safe information facilities, networks, and servers on which customers can deploy their code.
Moreover, AWS gives high-level PaaS and managed internet hosting options so customers don’t have to fret about securing working programs, library code, companies similar to internet servers, and different features of server safety. AWS doesn’t assure safety, but it surely does present a safe basis.
2. Highly effective Entry Administration Instruments
The OWASP High Ten consists of two safety dangers associated to entry administration: damaged entry controls and identification and authentication failures. Identification and entry administration are among the many most difficult safety and privateness administration options to get proper. Infrastructure is ineffective if the fitting individuals can’t use it, however opening the door to them usually creates vulnerabilities that dangerous actors can exploit.
AWS integrates a spread of highly effective instruments for verifying identification and controlling entry. The Identification and Entry Administration (IAM) service gives instruments for managing entry to AWS companies and assets. It permits companies to connect fine-grained permissions to customers, teams, and roles. It additionally provides further safety with multi-factor authentication, and it gives federated entry for programs similar to Microsoft Energetic Listing.
IAM is the centerpiece of AWS’s entry administration, however the platform incorporates a number of extra entry administration instruments, together with AWS Single Signal-On, AWS Useful resource Entry Supervisor, and Amazon Cognito.
3. Vulnerability and Breach Safety
How does a enterprise know when its cloud assets have been compromised? Generally it’s apparent: information turns into unavailable, and a ransom demand is delivered—there have been over 300 million ransomware assaults in 2020. However companies would ideally concentrate on breaches earlier than the worst occurs.
AWS provides a number of instruments for monitoring cloud assets for potential breaches. Amazon GuardDuty constantly analyzes logs, utilizing machine studying and menace intelligence to determine breaches. Amazon Inspector assesses purposes for vulnerabilities. AWS CloudTrail tracks person exercise and API utilization, serving to companies to determine and mitigate safety breaches.
4. Encryption and Information Safety
Cryptographic failures are in second place on the OWASP High Ten. Information must be encrypted in transit and at relaxation, and encryption keys must be managed to restrict the chance of publicity. AWS has many information safety instruments that assist companies to encrypt their information.
Information storage companies similar to Amazon S3 and Amazon EBS can encrypt information transparently. Information is mechanically encrypted because it strikes between elements of an AWS atmosphere. Amazon Macie helps companies to determine and shield delicate information. Along with built-in encryption companies, AWS additionally provides a spread of key and certificates administration companies, together with AWS Certificates Supervisor and AWS Key Administration Companies.
5. AWS Firewalls
Firewalls permit AWS customers to investigate and filter incoming and outgoing community visitors. AWS incorporates a mess of firewalls, together with the stateful Safety Teams and stateless Community Entry Management Lists. We wrote extra about each in Cloud Safety: What are AWS Safety Teams?
Along with community firewalls, AWS additionally gives extra specialised firewall companies, such because the AWS Internet Utility Firewall (WAF), which analyzes internet visitors to determine malicious requests. AWS WAF filters assaults earlier than they attain internet purposes, together with SQL injection and cross-site scripting, which seem on the OWASP High Ten.
How AWS Audits Enhance Cloud Safety
We’ve checked out 5 methods AWS empowers companies to reinforce cloud safety, however the existence of those instruments and companies is not any assure they’re used accurately. Misconfiguration is the commonest explanation for cloud safety breaches and information leaks.
KirkpatrickPrice is a CPA agency specializing in data safety, together with cloud safety. Our companies assist companies to confirm their AWS cloud environments are safe and compliant. They embrace:
- Distant Cloud Safety Assessments, which analyze AWS, Azure, and GCP configurations for misconfigurations and vulnerabilities.
- Cloud Safety Audits, which check your cloud controls towards a framework primarily based on the CIS Benchmarks for AWS and different cloud platforms.
- Pen Testing Companies, which leverage the experience of expert penetration testers to confirm your community, internet utility, API, and wi-fi safety.
To study extra, contact an AWS safety auditor right now or go to the KirkpatrickPrice AWS Cybersecurity Companies, the place you’ll discover a wealth of actionable data centered on AWS safety and our AWS Safety Scanner.